Caused by the excessive production of sebum from the sebaceous glands and related hair follicles.
Acne is a dermatological condition that is common among adolescents, but which can continue into adulthood. It can be mild, manifesting itself in black spots or white and red blisters (comedones), which mainly appear on the face or on the back or chest.
More severe forms are usually associated with more extensive skin inflammations in these parts of the body, which can also lead to mental problems. Acne can also result in various deep scars that are difficult to remove.
What causes acne?
Acne is usually caused by the excessive production of sebum (grease) from the sebaceous glands and related hair follicles. This phenomenon is linked to an increased production of male sexual hormones (androgens), which appear in the female body to a lesser extent.
This is accompanied by increased production of keratin, which builds up in the pores and blocks them. Bacteria (propionibacterium acnes) appearing on the skin, in particular in places where an excess of grease is produced, also leads to the creation or cordones and inflammations.
A whole range of other factors can also play a part in the occurrence of acne in addition to bacterial infections: stress, the use of certain medication, inappropriate diet or the use of unsuitable cosmetic products. Acne in women and girls is usually worse just before menstruation or during pregnancy, a fact based on hormonal fluctuations.
Mild forms of acne can be dealt with using over-the-counter products. Products containing ichtyol pale and octopirox are effective, these ingredients helping to dry the inflamed manifestations of acne. Treating more severe cases is work for a dermatologist, who will recommend medication depending on the conditions of the skin, the stage of the disease, the depth of the scars and the age of the patient.
Local or general treatment should be administered when inflammatory symptoms or comedones appear. If acne is no longer being produced, but the scars remain, it is time to move on to corrective procedures, such as laser treatment or chemical peeling.
A change of lifestyle is also part of the treatment:
- Alcohol should be avoided
- As should consumption of too much chocolate and smoking
- Drink enough of the right kinds of liquids
- Avoid stress